Dr Ali's blog

Summer and Sun, Be aware of Sunburn

Our Skin protects us from the potential damages that surround us, like the UV-A and UV-B rays of the sunlight. These rays can lead to sunburn on the skin, premature ageing of the skin, and through mutations to skin cancers like black Melanoma. A reasonable sun exposure is healthy and necessary for us. The sunlight affects positively the Calcium household and consequently our bone structure through the activation of Vitamin D3 in our Skin.

Sunlight helps to avoid depressions. And besides, how could we live here at the Costa del Sol in Spain without sun exposure. As always, it is a matter of the right dose. The risk for developing skin cancer rises with each sunburn through our life, unfortunately the skin has a good memory in this case.

Sunburns suffered as children, under the age of 12 years, are even more dangerous.

What are the signs of a sunburn?

In a matter of few hours after the inadequate sun exposure, you will feel pain, itchiness and heat on your skin and observe well limited red areas on the skin, where the exposure took place. In bad cases blisters can develop on the damaged areas. These symptoms fade in a matter of 3 to 6 days. You can also face general disorders like headache, sickness or even fever in association with a sunburn.

There are six skin types of human beings. They are different as to the colour of the skin, hair and eyes, the way the skin reacts to the sun exposure and the measurements of how to protect the skin from a sunburn. It is important to know to which of these six types your skin belongs. Type 1 is a person of very white skin, freckles, red to very light blonde hair, blue eyes. Type 6 is a person with very dark skin, dark hairs and dark eye colour. A slowly processed and adequately achieved suntan can protect you from sunburn.

Here some advice of how to prevent a sunburn:

Avoid direct sun exposure in the time of noon to 5PM. Cover your skin adecuatly with clothing if you have Skin Types 1 or 2 being in the sun. A touristic visit or shopping at an open air market is enough sun exposure to burn your skin. Being on the beach, stay under a parasol while not in the water.

Cover your head and neck while being under sun.

Use Sunglasses with UV-protection. Remember to protect your lips against sunburn.

Apply the sun crème on your skin, at least 30 minutes before the planned sun exposure. Use a product with a Sun Protection Factor corresponding to the type of your skin, the area of your skin and the UV-Index of your environment. Renew your protection every 2 hours and after each water contact.

A cool breeze or even light clouds on the beach side don´t prevent from a sunburn. The UV rays reach 1 meter deep into the water and get even intensified once reflected by water and sand. The risk of a sunburn is higher in areas with Ozone layer damage of the atmosphere like certain parts of the southern hemisphere of the world.

Certain medication reduces the natural protection of the skin to sun rays. It is even the case with some common antibiotics. Beware of the risk if you take such a medication on daily base and protect yourself even more being exposed to the sun.

Children should be protected specially, as sunburns in young age are particularly dangerous for skin cancers in adult age. Cover their skin with clothing. Use special sun crèmes for children. Keep them playing in shade at the beach. Sunburn isn´t an exclusive issue in summer time. It can happen as well in winter while skiing on the mountains. The UV rays are more intense in the height and they get reflected by the snow. As you wear Ski Clothing, remember to protect the skin of your face and use the right sun protection for your eyes. Don’t expose your body to sun in the height.

Contact a doctor if you have suffered sun burn as well as you have observed new changes on your skin or a difference of the existing moles on your body.

I wish you a happy summer without sunburn. I offer you my services in this issue from advises about how to deal with the sun in your individual case and certainly treatment if a sunburn happens to you.

If in Marbella/ Spain or around, contact me by calling (0034) 674 49 77 32 or write me an Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to make an appointment 

Ask the Doctor


Listeners' Questions

My daughter has a small mole on her shoulder. The skin around it is completely white and does not tan. Is this something I should be concerned about?
Mrs K

Doctor's Reply:
I would show it to the doctor once to be on the safe side. Usually we are concerned about moles that change seize or shap or even start  to alter their surfaces or bleed.Let me know please if I can help you on this subject or any other health issue.

Kind regards, Dr. Ali


I have been experiencing short sharp pain in my right arm, it almost feels like an electric shock, it only happens every few months but it's very painful. Is it something I should get checked out? there is no bruising or marks on the skin & it only lasts for a few seconds.
Doctor's Reply:

Thank You very much for your Email. I would check it out, as it isn’t a single episode symptom and being painful. It makes me think of muscles or neuronal problems.
If you live in Costa del Sol area, please make an appointment to come to my surgery in Marbella in order to investigate the reason for this pain.
We are open Monday, Wednesday and Friday every week from 10AM to 2PM.

Kind regards, Dr. Ali


I have an ear infection for 3 weeks now . First time I
Went to my Dr he advised oilive oil drops and then after 4 days ear syringed.
When I went back to dr he still said a lot of wax in my
Ears. This time used Otocerum drops. Once again ears syringed (this time very painful.
I saw the Dr today he still cannot see due to wax in ear. He advised Octocerum drops again and have my ears syringed again next Monday .
Twice I have asked for an antibiotic. Dr refused .
Is this normal practice?
 M.H., Mijas Pueblo

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